## Monday, April 30, 2018

### Notes for Homework 11a, due May 1

Notes on the metric system vs. customary

Changing Celsius to Fahrenheit

F = 9/5 C + 32

Changing Fahrenheit to Celsius

C = 5/9(F - 32)

## Wednesday, March 21, 2018

### Notes for Homework 8, due March 28

Notes on determinants

A 2x2 matrix is an array of four numbers put in two rows and two columns, such as

| a c |
| b d |

The determinant of this matrix is ad - bc, the product of the main diagonal minus the product of the opposite diagonal. If you use Kramer's rule to solve a pair of simultaneous equations, you will need to know how to calculate determinants.

For example, let's consider the following set of equations.

3x - 2y = 7
2x + 4y = 12

As an augmented matrix , these equations become

|  3  -2  : 7 |
|  2   4  : 12|

Matrix_1 is

| 3 -2 |
| 2  4 |

The determinant is 3(4) - 2(-2) = 12 - -4 = 16

Matrix_x is

| 7 -2 |
| 12  4 |

The determinant is 7(4) - 12(-2) = 28 - -24 = 52
Matrix_y is

| 3  7  |
| 2 12 |

The determinant is 3(12) - 2(7) = 36 - 14 = 22

From here, Kramer's rule then has x = 52/16 = 13/4 or 3 1/4. The value for y = 22/16 = 11/8 = 1 3/8

Notes on solving simultaneous equations

## Wednesday, November 22, 2017

### Notes for Homework 12, due Mon., Nov 27

Notes on the metric system

Changing Celsius to Fahrenheit

F = 9/5 C + 32

Changing Fahrenheit to Celsius

C = 5/9(F - 32)

## Wednesday, September 6, 2017

### Fractional part of a day

A year is defined by how long it takes a planet to make a single orbit around the sun. An Earth year is 365.2422 days. To make up for the decimal part we have a leap year every four years and skip the leap year if the number of the year is divisible by 100. This means we had leap years in 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016, but we did not have one in 2000. What this lesson is about is to take the decimal part of this time and turn it onto hours, minutes and seconds.

Step 1. Multiply the decimal part by 24 to get the number of hours.
In this case, .2422 x 24 = 5.8128, which means 5.8128 hours.

Step 2. If there is still a decimal part, multiply it by 60 to get the number of minutes. We know know a year is 365 days, 5 hours and some number of minutes. That number is 60 x .8128 = 48.768

Step 3. If there is still a decimal part, multiply it by 60 to get the number of seconds.
We know know a year is 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and some number of seconds. That number is 60 x .768 = 46.08. In these problems, it is okay to round to the nearest tenth of a second, so the final answer is 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46.1 seconds.

Let's do another example. A year on Venus is 224.65 Earth days.

Step 1. .65 x 60 = 15.6, so the year on Venus is 224 days, 15.6 hours.

Step 2. 60 x .6 = 36, so that makes the year on Venus 224 days, 15 hours and 36 minutes. There is no more decimal part, so we don't have to add any seconds to our answer.

Here are two more practice problems. The answers are in the comments.

1. It takes Mercury 87.969 Earth days to travel around the sun. Write this number in days, hours, minutes and seconds.

2. It takes Mars 686.98 Earth days to travel around the sun. Write this number in days, hours, minutes and seconds.